Why Architecture studies
Architecture (Latin architectura, from the Greek ?????????? arkhitekton "architect", from ????- "chief" and ?????? "builder") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements. "Architecture" can mean:
• A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures.
• The art and science of designing buildings and (some) nonbuilding structures.
• The style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures. • A unifying or coherent form or structure.
• Knowledge of art, science, technology, and humanity.
• The design activity of the architect, from the macro-level (urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture). The practice of the architect, where architecture means offering or rendering professional services in connection with the design and construction of buildings, or built environments. What Architects Do ? Architects plan and design houses, factories, office buildings, and other structures. Duties of Architects Architects typically do the following:
• Meet with clients to determine objectives and requirements for structures
• Give preliminary estimates on cost and construction time
• Prepare structure specifications
• Direct workers who prepare drawings and documents
• Prepare scaled drawings, either with computer software or by hand
• Prepare contract documents for building contractors
• Manage construction contracts
• Visit worksites to ensure that construction adheres to architectural plans
• Seek new work by marketing and giving presentations People need places to live, work, play, learn, shop, and eat. Architects are responsible for designing these places. They work on public or private projects and design both indoor and outdoor spaces.
Architects can be commissioned to design anything from a single room to an entire complex of buildings. Architects discuss the objectives, requirements, and budget of a project with clients.
In some cases, architects provide various predesign services, such as feasibility and environmental impact studies, site selection, cost analyses, and design requirements. Architects develop final construction plans after discussing and agreeing on the initial proposal with clients. These plans show the building’s appearance and details of its construction.
Accompanying these plans are drawings of the structural system; air-conditioning, heating, and ventilating systems; electrical systems; communications systems; and plumbing.
Sometimes, landscape plans are included as well. In developing designs, architects must follow state and local building codes, zoning laws, fire regulations, and other ordinances, such as those requiring easy access to buildings for people who are disabled.
Computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) and building information modeling (BIM) have replaced traditional drafting paper and pencil as the most common methods for creating designs and construction drawings.
However, hand-drawing skills are still required, especially during the conceptual stages of a project and when an architect is at a construction site.
As construction continues, architects may visit building sites to ensure that contractors follow the design, adhere to the schedule, use the specified materials, and meet work-quality standards. The job is not complete until all construction is finished, required tests are conducted, and construction costs are paid.
The duration of the course is 5 years and to get admission into B.Arch. the student must be fulfilled the following conditions:
- 10+2 or equivalent with minimum 50% marks along with compulsory subject of mathematics.
- 10th+ 3 year’s diploma in any stream from a recognized university/ board/ institution.
- Cleared NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) with the 80% marks conducted by Council of Architecture.
- Arch - Architecture and regional planning
- Arch – Building and Construction Management
- Arch – Interior Design
- Arch – Landscape Architecture
- E – Construction Technology
- Sc – Residential Space Design and Management
- Tech – Urban and Regional Planning
- Aligarh Muslim University Engineering Exam
- All India Engineering / Architecture Entrance Examination
- Andhra University College of Engineering Entrance Exam
- Anna University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Bangalore University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Bharath University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Birla Institute of Technology Entrance Exam
- BS Abdur Rahman University B.Arch Entrance Exam
- Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED)
- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
- Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University B.Arch Entrance Exam
- Hindustan University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Exam (IIT JEE)
- Jadavpur University-Faculty of Engineering, Kolkata Entrance Exam
- Jamia Millia Islamia University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Jawaharlal Nehru University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Kerala Engineering Architecture Entrance Exam – KEAM
- Lovely Professional University National Engineering Aptitude Test (NEAT) Exam
- Mahamaya Technical University Noida SEE Entrance Exam
- Mumbai University Engineering Entrance Exam
- National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA)
- Osmania University PG Entrance Exam
- Patna University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Periyar University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Sardar Patel University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Sathyabama University Engineering Entrance Exam
- School of Planning and Architecture Engineering Entrance Exam
- Shivaji University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University Engineering Entrance Exam
- SRM University Engineering Entrance Exam
- University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering (UVCE) Entrance Exam
- Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination (SEE)
- Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU) Engineering Entrance Exam
Famous Architecture alumni
- Achyut Kanvinde
- Anupama Kundoo
- V. Doshi
- Bimal Patel
- Charles Correa
- Christopher Charles Benninger
- Claude Batley
- Eugene Pandala
- Ganapati Sthapati
- Hafeez Contractor
- Himanshu Parikh
- Joseph Allen Stein
- Kamal Sagar
- Krishnarao Jaisim
- Laurie Baker
- Nari Gandhi
- Piloo Mody
- Pravina Mehta
- Raj Rewal
- Satish Gujral
- Shimul Javeri Kadri
Architecture placement trends
Architecture, just as with decorating trends, has its ‘moment in the sun’. But unlike the choice of colours used in one’s home, that can be easily changed, structural walls can’t be altered from one year to the next. And as the consumer gets smarter, architectural ‘gimmicks’ are passed over in favour of design that has a sense of longevity.
“There’s greater design awareness on all fronts. People question a lot more rather than just getting on board with the latest trend,” says architect Andrew Piva, director of b.e. Architecture.
According to Piva, one of the greatest trends that enticed people through 2016 was adopting elements from the commercial realm into their homes. “The point is, we don’t live in a café or a restaurant. The design for that interior is often a singular one in keeping with a certain theme.
It creates a sense of drama for the few hours you are seated around the table,” says Piva.
A similar approach is often applied to retail fit-outs where the purpose is to sell various products and/or to create a branding effect for the goods on offer. “You’ll find that in these environments the ‘volume is turned up’ to make that statement. ‘More is more’ often becomes the mantra,” he adds.
Piva often finds that clients attend meetings with images of details found in cafes, restaurants, bars and other hospitality venues. A beautiful brass detail framing a bar is then requested for an island bench in the client’s new kitchen.
“These details can sometimes be included in a certain domestic design, but they shouldn’t be overwhelming, with the detail becoming lost,” says Piva, who sees a stronger presence of primary finishes going forward to the new year. “I think we’ll see a palette of simpler materials appearing in 2017, used with honesty, rather than trying to trick these up with different finishes to make them appear more than they are,” he says.
This year, as well as for the last few years, there has, according to Piva, been far too much attention given to detail, such as ‘choosing the latest black tapware or the right door knob’.
While such pontification is not necessarily a bad thing, honing in on detail, rather than looking at the bigger architectural picture, can be a mistake. “If 2016 was looking at, and being preoccupied with the finer detail, 2017 will be about moving towards how the spaces feel, as much as how they look,” says Piva.
One 2016 design feature that Piva would like to see ‘buried’ in 2017, is the indoor plants that dotted both commercial and residential interiors. “People admire ‘green walls’ in cafes and offices and want to have one in their own home,” says Piva. “The trouble is a green wall or a potted plant that isn’t looked after can become an eyesore,” he adds.
Architect Albert Mo, director of Architects EAT, also predicts a focus on brick in 2017. For the last few years, bricks have made a strong return, whether used inside and left exposed, or as breeze blocks framing a veranda or outdoor terrace. “Bricks will gain momentum and there will be new ways of working with bricks in the years ahead,” says Mo, who sees them as not only being tactile, but also evoking memories of brick homes from the past.
While bricks became a highlight in 2016, and are expected to gain momentum in 2017, Mo also sees a resurgence in the use of off-formed concrete, as championed by the late architect Harry Seidler.
Mo is currently working on two insitu concrete homes for clients, with both walls and roofs formed in concrete poured on site. “Concrete is evocative of some of the modernist post-war homes from the 1960s and ’70s. It really changes the atmosphere of a house, making it feel quite special,” says Mo. But other architectural facets, such as porthole windows, will hopefully fade from Mo’s mind in 2017.
“These windows have their place and are often hugely successful with children, who like to interact with them. But in their basic use, they just appear as primary shapes punched into a facade,” says Mo, who would prefer to look at 2017 through a generous floor-to-ceiling glass window in one’s living room.
Name of the Colleges
Sir J J College of Architecture, Mumbai
Department of Architecture, IIT Roorkee
Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh
Department of Architecture, NIT Tiruchirapalli
Department of Architecture, NIT Calicut
Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Gurgaon
Faculty of Architecture and Ekistics, JMI, Delhi
Department of Architecture, BIT, Mesra
R V School of Architecture, RVCE, Bangalore
Faculty of Architecture, Manipal University